Wednesday, 20 February 2013

HISTORY OF UGANDA


 

 

Uganda history, language and culture

For most of the period since independence in 1962, politically inspired violence has been endemic in Uganda. President Obote, who banned opposition parties in 1969, was overthrown by the notorious Idi Amin, who remained in power until he was deposed by a joint force of Tanzanian forces and Ugandan exiles in 1979. Obote subsequently returned to office but he too found himself fighting guerrilla groups – the remnants of Amin's army and Yoweri Museveni's National Resistance Army (NRA).

The third major military force in the country was the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA), led by Tito Okello. In July 1985, Obote was overthrown once again, this time by a military council with Okello at its head. The Okello government lasted just six months, a period dominated by fighting against Museveni's NRA. The latter, enjoying more popular support than Okello's UNLA, took control of the capital in January 1986, and established a National Resistance Council to govern the country.

By the early 1990s, Museveni had succeeded in restoring order and a measure of prosperity to most of the country. Presidential elections, comfortably won by Museveni, were held in 1989. However, Museveni resisted domestic and foreign pressure to introduce multiparty politics arguing that, in an unstable climate, this was a recipe for tribal conflict. The government initially worked around the problem by insisting that candidates stood for election as individuals and not as representatives of a political party. In March 1993, the government published a draft constitution and in March 1994, a constituent assembly was elected to amend and enact it. The restriction on political parties was lifted. Following the most recent poll in March 2001, the assembly is dominated by Museveni supporters from the National Resistance Movement. Three other parties are represented – the conservative Democratic Party, the leftist Uganda People's Congress and the Uganda Patriotic Movement. Museveni himself still holds the presidency, having won presidential elections in 1996 and 2001 with substantial majorities.

Many of Uganda's problems in recent years have had their origins in relations with its various neighbours. Relations with Kenya have been fairly good but in the case of Sudan, both governments have regularly accused the other of supporting regional insurrections. Sudan has long claimed that Uganda supports the Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Meanwhile, Sudan has evidently given some backing to the bizarre and extremely violent Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a quasi-religious outfit that has terrorised the border regions of northern Uganda by deliberately targeting civilians.

The LRA's 17-year campaign has caused huge economic dislocation and created an estimated 200,000 refugees. The army has enjoyed periodic successes against the LRA, but has failed to suppress it entirely and it continues to cause misery and hardship in Uganda's northern provinces. For example, in February 2004, the LRA rebels slaughtered at least 200 people at a camp for displaced people in the north. Some disillusion with Museveni has set in amongst the population with the failure to deal with the LRA and the army's commitment (which ended in 2002) in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This was widely viewed as reciprocal support for the Rwandan Tutsis fighting against the Kabila government in Congo: the Rwandan Tutsis had previously backed Museveni and maintained bases inside Uganda.

In March 2004, Uganda hosted a major inter-governmental conference to discuss a problem of a quite different nature: distribution and use of the waters of the Nile river system. To a greater or lesser extent, 10 countries, including Uganda, rely on the Nile for their water. This is a delicate and very important issue in this relatively arid region.

Friday, 15 February 2013

ABOUT UGANDA

About Uganda

  •   Uganda is the Pearl of Africa, a country with fantastic natural scenery and a rich mosaic of tribes and cultures. Travelling through Uganda you will be captivated by its beauty, overwhelmed by the friendliness of its people and intrigued by all that Uganda has to offer.
    More information
  • Location

    Uganda lies astride the Equator in Eastern Africa between longitudes 29 ½° East and 35° East and between latitudes 4 ½° North and ½° South, at an average altitude of 1,100 meters above sea- level. The total area is 236,580sq.Km.
    We are bordered by the Republic of South Sudan to the North, the Republic of Kenya to the East, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the West, and the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of Rwanda to the South.

    Overview

    Ecologically, Uganda is where the East African savannah meets the West African jungle. Where else but in this uniquely lush destination can one observe lions prowling the open plains in the morning and track chimpanzees through the rainforest undergrowth the same afternoon, then the next day navigate tropical channels teeming with hippos and crocodiles before setting off into the misty mountains to visit the majestic mountain gorillas? Uganda is the only safari destination whose range of forest primates is as impressive as its selection of plain antelopes. Besides the wide biodiversity, Uganda is also blessed with a vast bird population of more than 1,000 species.
  • To find out more about Uganda, please use the links below;

  • Best Destination 2012

    Best Destination 2012

    Best Destination 2012
  • People and Culture

    People and Culture

    Situated at the geographical heart of the African continent, Uganda has long been a cultural melting pot, as evidenced by the existence of 30-plus different indigenous languages belonging to five distinct linguistic groups,
  • Facts and History

    Facts and History

    Uganda the pearl of Africa, a country with fantastic natural scenery and a rich mosaic of tribes and cultures.

 
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Friday, 8 February 2013

OUR KING

Batooro Culture, Batooro traditional economy, Batooro political set up!The Batooro People in Uganda,Traditional way of Greetings among Batooro...THIS IS OUR KING THE KING OF BUGANDA KINGDOM tools used for Genital Mutilation In Uganda

Other Pages of Interest The Batooro People in Uganda,Traditional way of Greetings among Batooro... The Batooro People Batooro Culture, Batooro traditional economy, Batooro political set up! Batooro traditional economy The Batooro People and their Culture in Uganda. The Batooro People and their Culture . Batwa-Bambuti Pygmies,Bambuti people of Africa,Batwa tribe uganda. Batwa-Bambuti Pygmies.... The Batwa Forest People, Pygmies in Uganda, Uganda Batwa tribe, Batwa Culture ...The Batwa Forest People Entebbe Airport in Uganda, Entebbe Arrivals and Departures, Entebbe Uganda Hotel Entebbe Airport in Uganda Female Genital Mutilation,Cutting, (FGC/FGM) ,Female Circumcision in Sabiny Sebe Female Genital Mutilation First Obote Regime ,Obote President in Uganda, Obote 1 Government in Uganda First Obote Regime The Hamites, Nilotic language in Uganda, Nile Hamites and their Culture The Hamites The Iteso People of Uganda,Iteso culture,Iteso origins Iteso general norms The Iteso People of Uganda Japadhola People of Uganda Japadhola culture,Japadhola Tribe in Uganda Japadhola People Kakwa People of Uganda,Culture, Tribe in Uganda Kakwa People of Uganda,Culture, Tribe in Uganda Kumam People of Uganda, Kumam Culture, Uganda Kuman traditional Marriage festiva Kumam People of Uganda Karimojong People of Uganda,Karamoja origins, Karimojo people culture guide Karimojong People Langi People of Uganda ,Lango culture in Uganda, Lango tribe in Uganda Langi People of Uganda Lord Resistance Army, L.R.A. Joseph Kony War in Uganda, Acholi Wars in Northern Lords Resistance Army Lugbara People of Uganda, Lugwara History , Lugwabara Culture, Lugwabara Tribes Lugbara People of Uganda Luo People of Uganda , Tribes, Cultures and Origins Luo People of Uganda SECTIONS IN THE CHAPTER • Introduction • What is FGM/FGC? • Where is FGM practiced? • Classification of female genital circumcision and how it is done • The new trend of female genital circumcision • Effects of FGC/FGM • History of FGC/FGM and Why it is practiced • FGC a gender and human rights issue • Campaigns against female genital circumcision yielding results • Detailed effects of FGM/FGC The crowd at Kapchorwa Boma grounds is clapping passionately as a woman in her fifties is being brought to the front of the pavilion to give a speech. The woman is carried aloft in a chair, which two men are carrying on their shoulders, making one wonder what kind of VIP treatment people have invented here. Yet the woman looks sad for such 'treatment'. It is only when she settles to speak that we realize that Betty Cheboi (as she introduces herself) is disabled. About 30years ago, Cheboi says she was a healthy, agile and active young woman, married with children. She was living a happy life, until one day when the people in her village discovered she had not been circumcised as the Sabiny (people of Kapchorwa) culture demanded. According to Sabiny custom, every young girl and boy is supposed to be circumcised in a traditional rite of passage to adulthood. In December every even year, young girls and boys in Kapchorwa are circumcised after weeks of preparation that end in festivities and merry-making following the circumcision. Parents of the girls who get circumcised, especially the mothers are given gifts, ranging from goats, cows to clothes to thank them for attaining the status of getting their daughters circumcised. The community members join the family in celebrating the maturityof the girl as she has now achieved respectable status. Cheboi recounts the events of December1976 when she was forcefully circumcised. "I remember that dreadful day as if it was yesterday," she says. "I did not want to be circumcised. I was tied up and held down while the 'cutter' did her business. It was the most appalling experience of my life," she adds resignedly. This is because the circumcision did not go well. Cheboi bled for more than two weeks, during which she experienced excruciating pain. When the wound finally did heal, Cheboi discovered that she was unable to walk. She had been paralyzed. She later leant that the story was no different from two of her village mates with whom she had been circumcised. To make matters worse, a few months after the circumcision , her husband abandoned her. "I had a life then and the circumcisers took it from me. No girl or woman should have to endure this horrific practice," she says as she concludes her message to the gathering. This is a story many people in Kapchorwa might have heard, as Cheboi has been often called upon to tell the public about the negative effects of female genital cutting/mutilation (FGC/FGM). But, she says no one can tell the sadness brought on by the pain and deadness in her lower body that resulted from thecircumcision. Cheboi like many girls in Kapchorwa and many parts of the world had to undergo circumcision because customs in their communities demanded so. While all girls who are circumcised are not as unlucky as Cheboi, according to Reproductive Education and Community Health (REACH), an NGO that is at the center of fighting female circumcision in Kapchorwa, many girls who are circumcised suffer a number of physical and psychological disorders. What is FGM/FGC? Female Genital Mutilation In Uganda Synonymously identified as female genital cutting or female genital circumcision, "Female genital mutilation" is usually performed on girls or adolescent women. According to the World Health Organization, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM/FGC) constitutes all procedures, which involve partial or total removalof the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or any other non-therapeutic (curative) reason. The types of procedures undertaken in female genital cutting/mutilation (FGC/FGM) can be broadly classified into four groups, ranging from the removal of a small part of the clitoris, all the way to infibulation, where the clitoris and labia minora are completely excised (cut out), the wound sewn shut, and just a small opening is left for urine and menstrual flow. Reasons for the practice One of the most common explanations for continuing the FGM/C practice is local custom. Women themselves are sometimes unwilling to give up the practice, as they see it as a long-standing tradition passed on from generation to generation. The practitioners are often unaware of the real implications of FGM/C and the health risks that it poses. Family honour, cleanliness, protection against spells and the insurance of virginity and faithfulness to the husband are used as rationales to continue the practice. Additional factors underlying the practice include: • Sociological: As an initiation for girls into womanhood,social integration and the maintenance of social cohesion; • Hygienic and aesthetic: Where it is believed that thefemale genitalia are dirty and unsightly; • Sexual: To control or reduce female sexuality; • Health: In the belief that it enhances fertility and child survival; • Religious: In the belief that it is a religious requirement; • Socio-economic factors: o Where it is believed that FGM/C is a prerequisite for marriage and where women are largely dependent on men - economic necessity can be a determinant to undergo the procedure. o FGM/C may may also be a major source of income for circumcisers.Various cultures offer many justifications for these practices. A girl who is not “circumcised” is considered unclean in some communities and therefore unable to marry. A girl who does not have her clitoris removed can also be considered a great danger and, ultimately, fatal to a man’s health. Where is FGM practiced? FGM/FGC is practiced in more than 28 African countries, a number of Asian countries as well as some communities in South and North America as a cultural practice. The worst form of the practice, called infibulation - the removal of the external genitalia and the stitching of the vaginal opening - is common to Djibouti, Sudan and Somalia, and also is reported in Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali and Nigeria. According to No Peace Without Justice, an Italian NGO working to eliminate female genital mutilation, there are now between 120 million to 130 million women worldwide who have undergone female genital mutilation. "Another two million girls and women are subjected to the practice every year, which takes place in 28 African and Arab countries, as well as by immigrant communities from these regions," the NGO says in a brief about female genital mutilation. The Somali ethnic group in Kenya has the highest prevalence of female genital mutilation - 97 per cent of Somali women have undergone the procedure. In Egypt, 97 per cent of married women aged 15-49 have been circumcised. Some countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda have a 5% incidence. In Uganda, female genital cutting/mutilation (FGC/FGM) is practiced among the Sabiny tribe found in the eastern district of Kapchorwa, at the foot of Mt. Elgon. The procedure of female genital circumcision is often carried out by traditional circumcisers, often old women. In a large number of cases, it is performed in non-sterile surroundings with the girl forcibly restrained. Traditional practitioners use razor blades, knives (in some cases specially designed for the practice), and pieces of glass or scissors. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), there have been reports of sharp stones used as cutting tools, as well as cauterization or burning. In recent years, circumcisions have also been carried out in hospitals and clinics, with doctors instead of traditional "cutters" being employed to circumcise women/girls. The new trend of female genital circumcision The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) recently sounded an alarm against a new trend of female genital mutilation where parents are using health-care workers to perform cutting in the belief that any medical problems of female circumcision can be minimized. In an appeal for the International Day against female genital mutilation on 6th February 2007, UNFPA Executive Director, Thoraya Ahmed Obaid expressed concern about what she dubs as 'The medicalization'of the practice. She says that increasing awareness about the heath risks posed by female genital mutilation has led to more and more parents turning to health care professionals to carry out the cutting in clinical settings in the belief that it will be safer for the girl. She warns that younger and younger girls are being subjected to the practice by their parents to reduce complaints or the possibility of refusal to participate. While the health implications of female genital mutilation are very serious and form a key component of the anti female genital mutilation campaign, many say that focusing almost entirely on the health aspects has not addressed the violation of rights or contributed to the elimination of the practice. Instead, a strong focus on health implications appears to have contributed to the adoption of less severe forms of female genital mutilation or having medical professionals carry out the procedure in a more sanitary manner. A Population Council study in 2001 found that 70 per cent of circumcised Abagusii girls in Western Kenya reported having been cut by a nurse or doctor, whereas virtually all of their mothers had been cut by a traditional circumciser. Effects of FGC/FGM The effects of FGM can vary. Not all women will experience severe ill effects like Cheboi. But many do. The WHO says that the immediate physical effects can include violent pain, backache, suppressed pain, haemorrhage, post operative shock, damage to other organs, acute urine retention, tetanus and septicaemia. HIV and Hepatitis B transmission can also occur when simultaneous operations are performed on a group of girls using the same tool(s). Long term effects can include difficulties with sexual intercourse, menstrual problems, recurrent urinary and kidney infections, chronic infections of the uterus and vagina, infertility, acute problems during labour and birth, incontinence, prolapses, chronic vulva abscesses and difficulty in using contraceptive methods and sexual dysfunction. The psychological effects can include anxiety prior to operation, trauma, sense of humiliation, sense of betrayal by parents, severe depression, loss of sleep, nightmares and post traumatic stress syndrome. A Survey on the Psychosexual Implications of Female Genital Mutilation on Urhobo Women of The Niger Delta Communities of Nigeria (U. J. Mukoro Department of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria) shows that the practice of female genital mutilation is painful and it serves as a major source of infection on the woman on whom it is carried out. Also, the study discovered that the practice causes dyspareunia, frigidity and lack of sexual satisfaction. History of FGC/FGM and Why it is practiced The exact origin of FGC remains a mystery. The practice is known to have existed for several thousand years. However, research indicates that in the 5th Century BC, Egyptians used it as a ritual prior to marriage. Early Romans and Arabs did it for cosmetic reasons or sometimes as an indication of slavery and subordination. It is believed that the practice spread south into Africa through trade and the spread of Islam. While there is no definitive evidence documenting why or when female genital mutilation began, many theorize that it provided families a means to ensure virginity before marriage. In some communities, female genital mutilation is seen as necessary to preserve girls' suitability for marriage and to protect the honor of the family, clan or tribe. According to WHO, female genital mutilation is also perpetuated by various myths including beliefs that the woman's clitoris would grow if left uncut potentially harming a baby in childbirth. "These beliefs increase the social pressure faced by uncircumcised women, who run the risk of isolation and ridicule in their communities or men's refusal to marry them, in societies where women depend on their husbands for their economic and social status. Families in communities which have practiced female genital mutilation for centuries, often lacking access to other points of view, usually believe that circumcision must be carried out for the girl's own good." (WHO) FGM is deeply rooted in tradition and is supported by a wide range of beliefs and norms. It is thought by some, that female genital mutilation prevents a woman seeking sexual partners before or outside marriage, thus ensuring her fidelity as a wife. Psychosexual reasons include beliefs that a non-excised woman cannot conceive, or is not chaste. Some believe it is a form of contraceptive, while others believe it enhances fertility. Other Sociological reasons given to support the practice of female genital mutilation include: • making all females equal • the preservation of family honour • the protection of girls from rape in times of war • increasing a girl's marriageability • fostering social cohesion • giving a girl access to resources in the community and avoiding the mockery and isolation experienced by girls who have not undergone the practice. In those communities where it is common practice, girls who have not undergone FGM are considered unclean (UNFPA). FGC a gender and human rights issue From a human rights perspective, female genital mutilation is a violation of women and girls' basic human rights including the right to life, the right to be protected from cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, the right to physical integrity, and the right to health. Women rights activists have also attacked the practice of female genital circumcision as gender biased violence against women, and as one aimed at maintaining women as subordinates to men. They say many of the beliefs that support female circumcision are aimed at keeping women as subordinate to men as possible. In some communities in Kenya for example, women are taught that sexual pleasure is for men alone, and that showing signs of pleasure during sexual intercourse brands a woman as having "low" morals. Beatrice Chelangat, the head of REACH in Kapchorwa says that traditionally, married women who are uncircumcised are not permitted to milk a cow and have to wait last in line for water at a well or tap. Also, a mother can only attend her son's circumcision ceremony if she herself is "clean" (circumcised). Because of these factors, some women like Cheboi who escaped female genital circumcision when they were unmarried, end up submitting to the ritual or are forced to do it during marriage. The major debate over the years has been whether to tackle female genital mutilation from a health perspective or a cultural one.

ABOUT UGANDA

 

About Uganda

TRAVEL AND TOURISM
Uganda, one of the five East African nations is a country of remarkable distinctiveness. It has friendly people, beautiful cultural sites and natural endowments good for visitors’ memorable adventure. In this fine-looking country, you will find contrasts at every turn. From the moment you land at Entebbe with its magnificent equatorial location on the shore of Lake Victoria, it is clear Uganda is no ordinary destination. Most visitors to Uganda seize the opportunity to take in the sights and sounds of Kampala. This attractive city has so much to offer like the vegetation of its gardening setting, cultural sites, thrilling nightlife, and the impressive hills and scenery will make you hesitant to leave the country.
Visitors to Uganda enjoy the country’s eye-catching scenery, green rolling hills, snowcapped mountains, magnificent rivers and massive lakes and its attractive wildlife, including Africa's largest population of mountain gorillas. Uganda has some of Africa's major attractions. It is bordered to the west by the Rwenzori Mountains, named a World Heritage Site for its eerie, craggy tips and enormous vegetation. Uganda hosts four of Africa's seven great lakes, blessed with the source of the Nile and is a home to more than 1,000 species of birds, making it  the richest birding destination in Africa.
CULTURE
Ugandans are amongst the most hospitable and generous people in Africa and globally. The nation is a result of the amalgamation of ancient kingdoms, as well as many independent chieftains. Their tradition lives on in the hearts of the people, and their traditional costumes, language and practices are clearly identifiable in the life of Uganda today. The equatorial climate of Uganda is tempered by cooling breezes from the mountains and the abundant vegetation is the result of plentiful rainfall in two rainy seasons, which fall around April and November. Although nearly 30 different languages are spoken, English is the official language and is spoken.
SUMMARISED FACTS ABOUT UGANDA 
Capital City: Kampala, with over 3.2million inhabitants
Total Area: 236,040 sq km's.
Area under water: 36,330 sq km's.
Area (land): 199,710 sq km's.
Population: 33 million people (estimated current figures)
Population growth rate: 3.572% (2007 estimation)
Birth rate: 48.12 births/1,000 population (2007 estimation)
Religions: Roman Catholics 33%, Protestants 33%, Moslems 16%, Hinduism and others 17% (including Pentecostal which has gained a lot of followers, traditional believers also exist).
Average Family Income: about $200 per annum
GDP (nominal, 2006/2007): $10.8 billion.
Inflation rate (annual headline or CPI, 2006/2007): 7.6%.
Government: Republic.
President: Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
Political System: Multiparty System
Ruling Party: National Resistance Movement (NRM)
Administrative arrangement: Decentralization
Independence Date: 9th, October 1962.
Industry : Brewing, Sugar factories, Coffee and Tea factories, Cotton and Textile, Fish, Tobacco, Cement, soft drinks, plastics, soaps and beauty care, pharmaceuticals, wood and housing.
Trade: Exports (2006/2007) - $1.5 billion: coffee, fish and fish products, tea, electricity, horticultural products, vanilla, cut flowers, remittances from abroad. Major markets--EU, Kenya, South Africa, U.K., U.S. Imports (2006/2007)--$2.5 billion: capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies, chemical, cereals. Major suppliers--OPEC countries, Kenya, EU, India, South Africa, China, U.S and many others countries.
Local currency: The unit of currency in Uganda is shillings, it’s in coins of 50, 100, 200 and 500 and paper notes of 1,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000 and 50,000. We advise business visitors to consult banks (over 20 banks and microfinance institutions), forex bureaus and money transfer agencies for current exchange rates. Usually local currency, the shillings is exchanged into US dollars, Pound sterling, the euro, Kenyan shillings and currencies of the neighbouring countries. Bank of Uganda (BOU) fixes the value of the shillings using a basket of currencies mentioned above.
Accessibility to Uganda: Entering Uganda can be by air through Entebbe International Airport and by land through Busia and Malaba in the East, Katuna in the west and Mutuluka in the South. There are other inletS like Arua, Mutukula and Kasese among others.
UGANDA's TRIBES AND LANGUAGES.
Uganda is a home to many tribes and languages. Uganda has 56 tribes and about nine indigenous communities that formally came to be recognized in the constitution amendment of 2005 in the 1995 constitution. English is the official language of Uganda. Luganda and Swahili also widely spoken in most parts of the country. With the increasing Asian population, most Asian languages are spoken, there is also some French, Arabic and Germany mainly in institutions where they are taught and at embassies.
Uganda’s indigenous communities as at 1st February, 1926 and how they appear in the 1995 constitution:
1. Acholi      
2. Alur
3. Baamba
4. Babukusu
5. Babwisi
6. Bafumbira
7. Baganda
8. Bagisu
9. Bagungu
10. Bagwe
11. Bagwere
12. Bahehe
13. Bahororo
14. Bakenyi
15. Bakiga
16. Bakonzo
17. Banyabindi
18. Banyankore
19. Banyara
20. Banyarwanda
21. Banyole
22. Banyoro
23. Baruli
24. Basamia
25. Basoga
26. Basongora
27. Batagwenda
28. Batoro
29. Batuku
30. Batwa
31. Chope
32. Dodoth
33. Ethur
34. Ik (Teuso)
35. Iteso
36. Jie
37. Jonam
38. Jopadhola
39. Kakwa
40. Karimojong
41. Kebu (Okebu)
42. Kuku
43. Kumam
44. Langi
45. Lendu
46. Lugbara
47. Madi
48. Mening
49. Mvuba
50. Napore
51. Nubi
52. Nyangia
53. Pokot
54. Sabiny
55. So (Tepeth)
56. Vonoma

The Constitution (amendment) Act 2005 added Aliba, Aringa, Banyabutumbi, Banyaruguru, Barundi, Gimara, Ngikutio, Reli and Shana as indigenous communities of Uganda.
 

Thursday, 7 February 2013

THIS IS ALL ABOUT THE WAR WHICH WAS IN THE NORTHERN PART OF UGANDA

THIS I THE MAN WHO HEADED IT   AND SE HOW PEOPLE WERE KILLED






some of tourist places in uganda


Tourism in Uganda is focused on Uganda's landscape and wildlife. Uganda has a very diverse culture, landscape, flora, and fauna.  In the late 1960s, Uganda had a prosperous tourist industry with 100,000 visitors each year. Tourism was the country's fourth largest earner of foreign exchange.
The tourist industry ended in the early 1970s because of political instability. By the late 1980s, Uganda's political climate had stabilised and conditions were suitable for reinvestment in Uganda's tourist industry.
However, the loss of charismatic wildlife in previously popular safari parks such as Murchison Falls National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park prevented these parks from competing with similar tourist attractions in neighbouring Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda's tourist industry instead promoted its tropical forests.
The keystone of the new industry became Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. With more than 300 Mountain Gorillas, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has approximately half of the world's population of Mountain Gorillas.

tourism in uganda

Uganda tops Africa in tourism growthPublish
Uganda tops Africa in tourism growth
Gorilla trekking at Bwindi Impenetrable Forest ploughs in millions every year for Uganda.
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By Francis Emorut in Nairobi                     

Uganda is now ranked top in tourism industry growth in Africa, the secretary of tourism in the Kenya ministry of tourism, Dr. Nelson Githinji has said.

According to the 2011 tourism review in Africa, Uganda’s tourism sector grew by 25% in 2011 while that of South Africa and Tanzania realized growth of 21% and 13.4% respectively.

Githinji observed that Uganda’s tourism growth is attributed to its tourists’ destination hubs like Queen Elizabeth national park, Murchison Falls park, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest – renowned for its Mountain Gorillas – and plenty more.

He said Uganda is also spinning on a pivot of new dynamics that are driving its tourism sector as the Asians begin to be a part of its market.

 “There has been a shift in the market as China, South Korea and Japan take the lead which was dominated by the traditional countries such as United States, United Kingdom, France and Germany,” he said.

He also attributed Uganda’s impressive tourism growth to the stability of the country in respect to guaranteed security.

Githinji made the remarks during the opening of the Magical Kenya Travel Expo 2012 at Kenyatta International Conference Centre in Nairobi on Thursday.

The Expo was organized by Kenya Tourist Board and it attracted over 170 tour and travel agencies across the globe.

The expo has grown tremendously over the past year, as seen from the 19 tour and travel agencies it attracted in 2011.

Agencies from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Australia, Germany, Britain, Australia, Korea United States and China showcased their products.

Delegates from India, Scandinavia, Japan, Italy, Spain, Poland Saudi Arabia and France also took part at the showcase.

The Kenyan tourism official appealed to Kenya Tourism Board to maintain high standards in promoting tourism after scooping an award for being the best board in Africa.

The second of its kind, the 2012 event aimed at bringing together tour and travel operators worldwide to share experiences, network and market tourism industry globally.

The Kenyan assistant minister of tourism, Cecily Mbarire urged tour operators to give adequate information on tourism destinations, and emphasized further that tourism is an engine of economic growth.

“Tourism remains an important pillar in economic development compared to other sectors,” she said.

She encouraged the over 170 tour agents to market the industry and assured tourists of security in the East African region.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE IN UGANDA

 All About Uganda - List of Uganda Hotels with huge discount on Uganda Hotel Rates Guaranteed!!!
WEATHER AND CLIMATE IN UGANDA

The majority of the country has a tropical climate which varies according to altitude. During the year the hottest months are from December to February when the temperature reaches 29 degrees Celsius. The rainy seasons are from April to May and October to November, with the wettest month being April.
Temperatures in some parts of the country can be quite cool owing to the country’s high altitude, despite its position on the equator. The mountain areas become much cooler and the top of Mount Elgon is often covered with snow. Other parts of the country are much warmer. There is heavy rain between March and May and between October and November.
The best times to visit are December-March and June-September. It can be somewhat rainy then, but not as rainy as in the rainy season, March-June. December-February and June-July are the driest times, when things can even be a bit dusty. Although the country lies astride the equator, most of Uganda is on a plateau 3,600-6,000 ft/900-1,830 m above sea level.

MORE ABOUT TRIBES

THERE SOME TRIBES  WHO LOVE IN ONE HOUSE LIKE 2OMEMBERS AND THESE ARE FOUND IN THE NORTHERN PART OF UGANDA HAVE A LOOK AT THIS

NOW HERE COMES THE MASAI THEY ARE FOUND IN SOME PARTS OF UGANDA AND SOME PARTS OF KENYA


rivers,lakes,mountains and others in Uganda

Major rivers, lakes, mountains, and other terrestrial features of Uganda

Source: The Map Library Source: The Map Library
This article has been reviewed by the following Topic Editor: Langdon D. Clough
Uganda is a well-watered country. Nearly one-fifth of the total area, or 44,000 square kilometers, is open water or swampland. Most of the country lies in the watershed of the Nile River.

Rivers and lakes of Uganda. Source: Ezeu/Wikipedia

Highlights includes Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world, whichdominates the southeastern corner of the nation, with almost one-half of its 10,200-square-kilometer area lying inside Ugandan territory. Lake Victoria drains through the Victoria Nile, the shallow Lake Kyoga, the spectacular  Murchison (Kabalega) Falls and into Lake Albert, having collected inflow from rivers draining much of central Uganda.
The land west of Lake Victoria is traversed by valleys that were once rivers carrying the waters of Lake Victoria into the Congo River system. The Katonga River flows westward from Lake Victoria to Lake George. Lake George and Lake Edward are connected by the Kizinga Channel. The Semliki River, DRC/Uganda drains Lake Edward and flows into the southern end of Lake Albert.
From Lake Albert, the Nile is known as the Albert Nile as it travels roughly 200 kilometers to the Sudan border, gathering water from the West Nile region via the Zoka River and others.
Other major rivers include the Achwa River which gathers water from in the northeastvia several rivers and jouns the Nile in Sudan
Along the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lake Albert, Lake Edward, and Lake George occupy troughs in the Albertine Rift.

Rivers
 Lakes
  • Achwa River
  • Albert Nile
  • Kabi River
  • Kafu River
  • Kagera River (Akagura River)
  • Katonga River
  • Kazinga Channel
  • Kidepo River
  • Lamia River
  • Lugogo River
  • Mayanja River
  • Nkusi River
  • Okot River
  • Ora River
  • Pager River
  • Semliki River (Semuliki River)
  • Victoria Nile
  • Zoka River



 
  • Lake Albert
  • Lake Bisina
  • Lake Bugondo
  • Lake Buhera
  • Lake Bujuku
  • Lake Edward
  • Lake George
  • Lake Kabaka
  • Lake Kachera
  • Lake Katwe
  • Lake Kayumbu
  • Lake Kitandra
  • Lake Kwania
  • Lake Kyahafi
  • Lake Kyoga
  • Lake Mburo
  • Lake Mutanda
  • Lake Mulehe
  • Lake Nabugabo
  • Lake Nakuwa
  • Lake Nyamusingire
  • Lake Opeta
  • Lake Saka
  • Lake Victoria (shared with Kenya and Tanzania)
  • Lake Wamala

Southern Uganda lies at an altitude of 1,134 meters above sea level. The plateau that stretches northward from Lake Victoria declines gradually to an altitude of 914 meters on the Sudan border. The gradually sloping terrain is interrupted by a shallow basin dipping toward the center of the country and small areas of tropical forest, which mark the western border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Both eastern and western borders are marked by mountains. The Ruwenzori Mountains (often called the Mountains of the Moon) form about eighty kilometers of the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The highest peaks of Mount Stanley, in the Ruwenzoris, are snowcapped . Foremost among these are Margherita (5,113 meters) and Alexandra (5,094 meters). Farther south, the northernmost of the Virunga (Mufumbiro) Volcanoes/Mountains reach 4,132 meters on Mount Mahavura; 3,648 meters on Mount Mgahinga; and 3,477 meters on Mount Sabinio, which marks the border with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Source: Wikimedia Commons
In eastern Uganda, the border with Kenya is also marked by volcanic hills. Dominating these, roughly 120 kilometers north of the equator, is Mount Elgon, which rises from the 1,200-meter plains to reach a height of 4,324 meters. Mount Elgon is the cone of an extinct volcano, with ridges radiating thirty kilometers from its crater. Rich soil from its slopes is eroded into the plains below. North of Mount Elgon are Kadam (also known as Debasien or Tabasiat) Peak, which reaches a height of 3,054 meters, and Mount Moroto, at 3,085 meters. In the far northeast, Mount Zulia, Mount Morungole, and the Labwor and Dodoth Hills reach heights in excess of 2,000 meters. The lower Imatong Mountains and Mount Langia, at 3,029 meters, mark the border with Sudan.
  • Rwenzori Mountains includes Rwenzori Mountains National Park and the following peaks:
    • Mount Baker (4,843 m)
    • Mount Emin (4,798 m)
    • Mount Gessi (4,715 m)
    • Mount Luigi di Savoia (4,627 m)
    • Mount Stanley (5,109 m)
    • Mount Speke (4,890 m)
       
  • In the northeast, near the border with Kenya lie a chain of volcanoes, that include  Kidepo Valley National Park and Mount Elgon National Park. Among the peaks are: Mount Elgon. Source: NASA Mount Elgon. Source: NASA
    • Mount Elgon
    • Mount Kadam
    • Mount Moroto
    • Mount Morungole
    • Mount Napak
    • Mount Zulia
       
  • Virunga (Mufumbiro) Volcanoes/Mountains - lie along the western border of Uganda (with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) as part of the Albertine Rift. The range includes Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and the following peaks:
    • Mount Gahinga
    • Mount Muhabura
    • Mount Sabyinyo

  • Labwor Hiil and Dodoth Hills
  • Murchison (Kabalega) Falls

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