About UgandaTRAVEL AND TOURISM
Uganda, one of the five East African nations is a country of remarkable distinctiveness. It has friendly people, beautiful cultural sites and natural endowments good for visitors’ memorable adventure. In this fine-looking country, you will find contrasts at every turn. From the moment you land at Entebbe with its magnificent equatorial location on the shore of Lake Victoria, it is clear Uganda is no ordinary destination. Most visitors to Uganda seize the opportunity to take in the sights and sounds of Kampala. This attractive city has so much to offer like the vegetation of its gardening setting, cultural sites, thrilling nightlife, and the impressive hills and scenery will make you hesitant to leave the country.
Visitors to Uganda enjoy the country’s eye-catching scenery, green rolling hills, snowcapped mountains, magnificent rivers and massive lakes and its attractive wildlife, including Africa's largest population of mountain gorillas. Uganda has some of Africa's major attractions. It is bordered to the west by the Rwenzori Mountains, named a World Heritage Site for its eerie, craggy tips and enormous vegetation. Uganda hosts four of Africa's seven great lakes, blessed with the source of the Nile and is a home to more than 1,000 species of birds, making it the richest birding destination in Africa.
Ugandans are amongst the most hospitable and generous people in Africa and globally. The nation is a result of the amalgamation of ancient kingdoms, as well as many independent chieftains. Their tradition lives on in the hearts of the people, and their traditional costumes, language and practices are clearly identifiable in the life of Uganda today. The equatorial climate of Uganda is tempered by cooling breezes from the mountains and the abundant vegetation is the result of plentiful rainfall in two rainy seasons, which fall around April and November. Although nearly 30 different languages are spoken, English is the official language and is spoken.
SUMMARISED FACTS ABOUT UGANDA
Capital City: Kampala, with over 3.2million inhabitants
Total Area: 236,040 sq km's.
Area under water: 36,330 sq km's.
Area (land): 199,710 sq km's.
Population: 33 million people (estimated current figures)
Population growth rate: 3.572% (2007 estimation)
Birth rate: 48.12 births/1,000 population (2007 estimation)
Religions: Roman Catholics 33%, Protestants 33%, Moslems 16%, Hinduism and others 17% (including Pentecostal which has gained a lot of followers, traditional believers also exist).
Average Family Income: about $200 per annum
GDP (nominal, 2006/2007): $10.8 billion.
Inflation rate (annual headline or CPI, 2006/2007): 7.6%.
President: Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
Political System: Multiparty System
Ruling Party: National Resistance Movement (NRM)
Administrative arrangement: Decentralization
Independence Date: 9th, October 1962.
Industry : Brewing, Sugar factories, Coffee and Tea factories, Cotton and Textile, Fish, Tobacco, Cement, soft drinks, plastics, soaps and beauty care, pharmaceuticals, wood and housing.
Trade: Exports (2006/2007) - $1.5 billion: coffee, fish and fish products, tea, electricity, horticultural products, vanilla, cut flowers, remittances from abroad. Major markets--EU, Kenya, South Africa, U.K., U.S. Imports (2006/2007)--$2.5 billion: capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies, chemical, cereals. Major suppliers--OPEC countries, Kenya, EU, India, South Africa, China, U.S and many others countries.
Local currency: The unit of currency in Uganda is shillings, it’s in coins of 50, 100, 200 and 500 and paper notes of 1,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000 and 50,000. We advise business visitors to consult banks (over 20 banks and microfinance institutions), forex bureaus and money transfer agencies for current exchange rates. Usually local currency, the shillings is exchanged into US dollars, Pound sterling, the euro, Kenyan shillings and currencies of the neighbouring countries. Bank of Uganda (BOU) fixes the value of the shillings using a basket of currencies mentioned above.
Accessibility to Uganda: Entering Uganda can be by air through Entebbe International Airport and by land through Busia and Malaba in the East, Katuna in the west and Mutuluka in the South. There are other inletS like Arua, Mutukula and Kasese among others.
UGANDA's TRIBES AND LANGUAGES.
Uganda is a home to many tribes and languages. Uganda has 56 tribes and about nine indigenous communities that formally came to be recognized in the constitution amendment of 2005 in the 1995 constitution. English is the official language of Uganda. Luganda and Swahili also widely spoken in most parts of the country. With the increasing Asian population, most Asian languages are spoken, there is also some French, Arabic and Germany mainly in institutions where they are taught and at embassies.
Uganda’s indigenous communities as at 1st February, 1926 and how they appear in the 1995 constitution:
34. Ik (Teuso)
41. Kebu (Okebu)
55. So (Tepeth)
The Constitution (amendment) Act 2005 added Aliba, Aringa, Banyabutumbi, Banyaruguru, Barundi, Gimara, Ngikutio, Reli and Shana as indigenous communities of Uganda.